Human beings have a long history of building and construction. The first primitive instruments were used during the New Stone Age. The fundamental functions such as cutting, scraping and pounding have been found. The wheel was invented and building advanced with the Copper and Bronze ages. Tools have also become more reliable and robust. Iron has primarily been used in the Iron Age and the newly developed woodworking tools have been used. It is thought that Egyptians first used rollers and sledges.
It is fair to say that the Romans were the first to use similar devices when it comes to heavy building equipment. The use of waterwheels and wood cranes characterized the men of Ancient Greece and of the Roman Empire. Both these devices and the pile driver date from the 15th century. In the beginning of the 18th century, however, the first practical machines used in building were introduced. In 1818 Charles Isambard Brunel, one of the leaders in the industry, patented the tunnel mask.
The first models of various heavy machinery in use were only developed in the late 19th century, and animals were used to drive the machines used until that period. There are already records of British steam power dredges in 1796. This was first reshaped by the portable steam engine and farming machines. Tractors were then transformed or created, as was invented by the steam roller. In addition to ethanol and kerosene, petrotechnics and diesel engines have become the favored choice for propulsion for construction machinery. For such machines, America was the most important potential market.
The first true self-powered excavator was designed by William Otis in 1835. More and more hydraulic systems and electrical systems have also been used. When the Holt Manufacturing Company was founded (known as Caterpillar) the forklift was invented–Holt created the gas-driven rack-tractor that used military equipment as a base and an inspiration. The Fordson tractor in 1917, followed by an front loader machine, was the first significant production machine to be made. All in all, farm machinery had a major impact on the world of heavy construction machinery.
The first commercial vehicle on the market–the Lombard Steam Log Hauler–was introduced in the very early 20th century. Researchers also known that tracks can enhance the abilities of the machines so that tractors, bulldozers and excavators still use tracks for their implementation. As we know it was invented in the nineteen twenties.
The hand shovel was no longer needed as the hydraulic excavators had been operating for several decades at the end of the 20th century. This increased productivity, of course. Earthmoving and excavation have become even fewer jobs. The container cranes were used widely in the 1950s. Furthermore, special means were also developed to transport heavy machines because this equipment became increasingly popular worldwide. Liebherr built in 1949 the world's first mobile tower crane, required because buildings were that higher and higher.
With the end of WWII in many countries building was booming, and heavy machinery more than ever was required. Building industry was developed around the world in the 1960s as roads and highway.
Building equipment has come a long way over a century and a half and we have a range of heavy machinery available today. The planet was assisted by skidders, remote controllers, steppers, bulldozers, scrapers, pumps, pavers, scrollers and hundreds of other cleverly designed devices. Hydraulics, steam power and the internal combustion engine were the key developments, and the production of heavy-duty construction equipment continues today.