The first person to build a flying machine with fixed flights was the English baronet George Cayley in 1799 and thus the first real step in the development of the aviation. He was the aircraft's real pioneer. One hundred years later, Wilbur Wright and Orville spent a few years experimenting with aeronautical engineering before working with Chicago engineers. Together they were able to break down the odds and create an airborne machine. Trying to succeed is from the 16th century, but this was the first to succeed. In a wind tunnel, the wings were planned and perfected in 1884.
The Pioneers of Aviation
Three decades before the initiative of the Wright Brides, Otto Lilienthal refined the model of Cayley and built many gliders with them. The Wright brothers took the knowledge simply and the machine was developed.
Several other inventors started work on propulsion and steering mechanisms for flying machines and for human service. The first continuous flight in a steam-powered aircraft occurred in 1896.
The next step towards modern planes was internal combustion engines, another reason for the popularity of the Wright brothers. The machine was able to operate continuously with a lightweight engine and special propellers.
Gabriel Voisin, Henri Farman, Alberto Santos-Dumont and Glenn Hammond Curtiss, some of the other aviation pioneers have all contributed much to the industry's growth.
Aviation grew rapidly until the beginning of WWI. During the war, war development and investment were the major part of the efforts. That led to great advances in technology and many new airways were developed after the end of the war. Radial piston engines were introduced which was an important step.
Intercontinental flights became the target in the first few decades of the 20th century. The Atlantic was for the first time ever crossed on a non-stop flight. Lockheed, Fokker and Spitfire, particularly during the Second World War, became huge names.
Rolls-Royce made the most powerful and reliable motors at the time. Then there was a need for airlines to create Imperial Airways Ltd. in the United Kingdom, followed by KLM in 1919 and Deutsche Luft Hansa in 1926. Comfortable long-distance flights were made in the 1930s by airlines such as the Boeing Company 247.
Douglas DC-4 and Boeing Stratoliner were the most important aircraft in the 1940s to set the pace for the development of future machines.
After the end of the Second World War, the aircraft of the post war were much more modern. Clouds with speeds of 320kph have been achieved by computers with up to 50 passenger seats.
The 1950s were hit enormously by a new aircraft models such as the DouglasDC-7 and the 1649A Starliner. They had an immense size and incredible high speeds of 640 km / h. This led to huge growth of airlines worldwide. Gradually, medium-sized airline services became affordable. In the meantime, companies such as Gulfstream and Learjet have emerged. private companies.
In 1969, the full mark of 120 000 airlines was reached by the fleet. As with petrol engines at the start of the hour, gas-turbine engines reshaped the industry. The invention of the jet engine was another important reason why most people can afford air travel. Production and maintenance were expensive, but it allowed many times to be used, which improved the cost efficiency ratio.
A pioneering aircraft put to commercial use in 1976, the Concorde supersonic passenger jet. In the meantime, many new Tupolev and Ilyushin aircraft were introduced by Russians. Boeing used turbo-fan technology around the same time. The model range of the company was then the best in the world. Several European companies joined forces, created Airbus to compete with Boeing and soon revealed the Airbus A300, followed by the most popular Airbus A320 in the early 1990s.
Jet aircraft proved to be far more powerful and also had bigger airports and passenger terminals. Nevertheless, with travel being used on a massive scale, budgetary airlines came into being using planes with small chairs and less space inside.
There are many different aircraft types, varying in size and purpose. Unmanaged crafts are often lighter than air, which ensures the engines are not on board–they are primarily used for science and research. Propelled aircraft range from small, one or two-seat, civil aircraft to big, business-related aircraft. There are also a lot of different cargo aircraft weight categories. The number and location of their engines, the wing size and length, the type of landing gear and the design of the fuselage may differ according to planes.